Marzano Effective Teaching Strategies

Marzano Effective Teaching Strategies


Robert Marzano has been a leading name in education for years. He’s written dozens of books, developed products, and consulted for schools and districts all over the country. The culmination of his work is The New Art and Science of Teaching, a book that outlines what teachers need to know to be effective in the classroom. In this blog post, I’ve summarized Marzano’s nine high-yield instructional strategies that can help you improve student achievement:

1. Identify similarities and differences

  • Identify similarities and differences
  • Identifying similarities and differences in groups
  • Identifying similarities and differences in individual students
  • Identifying similarities and differences in the student’s own learning
  • Identifying similarities and differences in the student’s own learning in the past

2. Summarize and note main ideas

Summarizing the main ideas is a key strategy for effective teaching. Summaries are particularly useful when you want students to focus on only some of the information in a lesson or assignment. For example, if you have written an essay or reading passage and want your students to focus on just one or two main ideas, summarize those ideas before giving them the rest of their assignment. When I teach my students about summaries, I like to use this tool:

All good summaries take all the main points from an article or book and put them into one paragraph or section. Summaries usually are shorter than what they summarize because they leave out details and examples that are not as important as other details and examples given in full form in another location within text being summarized.”

3. Reinforce effort and provide recognition

Recognition is a basic human need. As children, we all want to be appreciated for our efforts and achievements. Adults are no different; in fact, they can be harder to satisfy because they have higher expectations and more extensive knowledge of life’s challenges. Providing recognition is not only important but also necessary if you want your staff members to continue working at their best.

There are many ways you can recognize your teachers’ efforts:

  • A pat on the back or verbal praise will let them know that what they did was noticed and appreciated by someone who matters (meaning you).
  • The same goes for smiling at them; it shows that you are pleased with what they accomplished (and hopefully inspires them to do it again).
  • Even just saying “good job!” or “thank you!” goes a long way towards boosting morale within a school community—which makes everyone happier because happy people work better together than unhappy ones do!

4. Homework and practice

Homework is a great way for students to practice what they learn in class. Homework also gives teachers an opportunity to monitor individual student progress, which helps them better meet the needs of every child.

Some ways that homework can be used effectively include:

  • Asking students to write down their own answers and explanations for questions discussed in class
  • Reviewing concepts from previous lessons that may not have been fully understood by all students
  • Giving instructions for completing additional reading or research projects outside of school hours

5. Nonlinguistic representations

  • Diagrams and charts are nonlinguistic representations that help students make connections between ideas. Students can use these models to test their understanding of concepts, relationships, or processes. For example, in the “one-to-one correspondence” lesson on day seven, your teacher might ask you to draw a picture of a classroom and label each desk with a name tag. This is an excellent way for students who struggle with reading (and writing) to demonstrate their understanding of the lesson material.
  • Graphs are used for displaying data over time or space on coordinate axes. You may have seen them in math class as part of graphs showing changes over time or space; these graphs help us see patterns more easily than just looking at numbers alone would allow us to do so! Think about how much easier it would be if someone could just draw out their thoughts rather than having to explain them verbally? My favorite part about using graphs is that they allow me not only display my ideas clearly but also show what relationships exist between different pieces of information (i.e., points plotted along lines). Again though this strategy may seem straightforward at first glance there are actually several ways one could go about creating such diagrams depending on whether they’re trying convey something abstractly symbolic representationally literal interpretation pattern etc..

6. Cooperative learning

Cooperative learning is a teaching strategy that involves students working in groups. The teacher breaks the class into small groups, typically of 3-5 students per group. The teacher will then assign a task for the students to work on together, such as solving problems or completing projects. The benefits of cooperative learning are many:

  • Students learn from each other: When students work with each other and share their ideas, they have to listen carefully and ask questions in order to understand what others are saying. They also have an opportunity to build upon their ideas by incorporating new information from their peers’ contributions.
  • Students are more engaged: Asking questions, listening carefully, and sharing answers all require active engagement on behalf of everyone involved—not just the person answering at any given time! This type of interaction helps keep everyone engaged throughout class rather than allowing someone who tends towards passivity (elevator music!) take over during certain parts of instruction/discussion time when no one else has anything interesting going on either way… especially if this happens often enough between two such individuals as well!

7. Setting objectives and providing feedback

  • Clear objectives
  • Feedback that is specific, timely, and constructive

8. Generating and testing hypotheses

  • The importance of generating and testing hypotheses
  • Using data to test hypotheses
  • Using the scientific method to test hypotheses

9. Questions, cues, and advance organizers

  • Questions, cues and advance organizers are the most important strategies for effective teaching. Teachers should use questions to engage students, help them understand the material and think about it critically. Effective teachers use questions to help students learn by asking them to retrieve knowledge from their memories or from previously learned material. They also use questions to evaluate student understanding and problem-solving skills by having students explain their reasoning through discussion.

These strategies can help raise student achievement

Effective teaching strategies can help you raise your students’ achievement.

In this section, we’ll be talking about the most popular and effective teaching strategies for teachers to use in the classroom.


It is important to be aware of the teaching strategies used in a classroom because they have the power to make or break student achievement. The Marzano Effective Teaching Strategies are an excellent place to start when thinking about improving your teaching practice. They provide clear examples of what good practice looks like, and help you understand how your actions translate into student learning

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