Italy’s most famous landmarks



Colosseum, or rome’s flavor amphitheater, is one of Italy’s most famous landmarks, a giant Roman amphitheater built by emperors during the years (70-72) under Emperor Vespasian, who gave it as a gift. For Romanians, it opened nearly a decade after its construction and saw the opening of a great celebration of Emperor Titus, which lasted for 100 days during which many games were displayed, and many performances were held on it, ranging from traditional games famous for emperors to works Charade.

The Colosseum is approximately 189×156 meters high, four floors high, accessed through its 80 different entrances, of which 76 entrances were allocated to the general public, two entrances for participants in events held on the runway, two others were allocated for the emperor’s entry only, and the amphitheater has accommodated a maximum of more than 50,000 people, and the Colosseum has undergone a series of reforms several times over the years.

The popularity of the Colosseum began to decline when its performances such as games became not a place of amusement for the Romans, and this decline was reinforced after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and many earthquakes damaged the colosseum structure in the 5th century AD, which led to a decline in interest in this historical landmark. At the beginning of the 20th century, more than half of the old building was destroyed, and during the 1990s the restoration of the Colosseum began to revive it, making this era a tourist site in the Rome attracting millions of tourists every year.

Palatin Plateau

Palatine Hill is one of Italy’s most famous landmarks, one of Rome’s oldest historical sites, and was the center of Rome’s founding by Romulo in the second half of the 8th century BC, and contains many remains of places of worship and palaces that were the residences of the then Emperor, such as the August Palace, which still maintains its structure among other palaces, and during excavations huts, tombs and forts dating back to the Iron Age were revealed. It was used to learn about the culture and living life of the time, as well as to know that the Palatin Plateau was a sacred place for religious rites, and fertile land, making it a plateau that reflected power and natural beauty and is located on the plateau grounds of the Palatin Museum, which contains many collections of Iron Age tombs, as well as works of art obtained from imperial buildings.

Romanian Forum

The Roman Forum, located in the heart of ancient Rome, is one of Italy’s most famous landmarks dating back to the 7th century BC, containing many historical monuments, including temples, the Arc de Triomphe, the Titus Arch, and Saturn, making it a social, political and commercial center of the Roman Empire at the time, and the Roman Forum collapsed just as other historical buildings in Rome collapsed due to the fall of the Roman Empire, and then the Forum was used to make it a private land for pastures; It was therefore named the Cow Field during the Middle Ages, and the Forum witnessed exploration and exploration during the 18th and 19th centuries, which extended back to this era.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of Italy’s most famous landmarks, located at the back of Pisa’s cathedral, and ranks third in terms of the oldest installations in the church square after both the church itself and baptism, and is The Tower of Pisa is a bell of Pisa cathedral, built of white marble, built with the aim of drawing attention to the church, and built-in three historical stages between 1173 and 1370 AD, and then the Tower of Pisa began in In the late years of its construction, Milan increased to its well-known form in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, attracting more than 5 million tourists a year, with an income rate of approximately €21 million per year.

Pompeii City

Pompeii is a tourist destination in Italy, close to Naples, ranks second among Italy’s most visited landmarks, and is on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites, because of its monuments and remains of an ancient Roman city almost completely destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius volcano in 79 AD, reflecting ancient Roman life in all its cultural forms, with thermal baths and a forum that hosted various meetings of their most important responsible figures. and religious at the time, in addition to the theater that hosted many performances during antiquity, and others.

Natural features

Popoli Gardens

Originally from Boboli gardens, a garden behind Florence’s Betty Palace, the construction of The Boboli Park dates back more than four centuries when Cosimo de Medici ordered its construction in 1594 to take 400 years to build. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the garden was increased by the Medici and Lorraine families, becoming a landmark covering the largest green area of Florence, and the Boboli Park in Florence. Currently, 44,515,2 natural museums are home to various buildings, statues, Roman and Renaissance fountains, collections of precious jewelry, as well as large quantities of oak trees, and Puboli Gardens are among the best tourist destinations in Italy.

The Big Channel

The Great Canal is one of the most important waterways in Venice, passes through the center of the city to divide it into two parts, the length of the Great Canal is about 3.8 km, while its width varies between 30 m-90 M, and its depth varies at a rate of about 5 meters, and the water runs through the canal from the surrounding Lake to the Adriatic Sea, which increases the chance of occurrence of tidal phenomena in this canal as is the case of all canals in Venice, each time period of about 6 hours.

The Great Canal is currently an important Center in Venice, a place that hosts many major local celebrations during the year, and is also a sea route used by merchants To import fish, fruits, and vegetables, in addition to the transportation of various goods via boats, and is a means through which the population moves from one place to another, while tourists enjoy riding in the canal boats to go on a water trip where they eat food, listen to music, and see the palaces of Venice; [Bulgaria] is, therefore, one of the well-known tourist areas in Italy.

Blue Cave

The Blue Grotto is one of Italy’s most popular tourist destinations, a fully lit blue cave, 54 m long, 30 m wide, 15 m high, accessible by boat ride and finds Beneath it, the cave has long been known as the work of local fishermen and was discovered by German writer Auguste Kubisch and painter Ernest Fries in 1826, and the back of the cave contains art from Roman sculptures that are still visible until now. The cave was submerged in prehistoric times by approximately 20 m, making all entrances to the cave light only the entrance to the 1.3-meter-high cave, during which sunlight crosses through the water, and then the light causes refraction reflected from the white sandy deep-sea light to light up the cave in blue, from which it is named.

Lake Como

Lake Como has located about 50 km from Milan; specifically between the provinces of Como and Lecco, and is considered the deepest lake in Italy with a depth of 410 also occupies the third place in size among the lakes of Italy after both lakes Garda and Maggiore, Lake Como falls within the lakes of the province of Lombardy, the city of Como is located on the south-western side of the lake, Lecco is on the south-eastern side, while Colico is on the North.[TT] there are many attractive views that can be seen from the shore of Lake Como, which was taken from the name of the city as its address, where it contains green gardens, and various buildings that surround the lake, which was a resort for nobles Lombardy since the sixteenth century, Como reflects Italian architecture through buildings of modern European architecture and also houses the educational Silk Museum, which welcomes tourists and takes them through an exploration of the traditional textiles of the city.

[Turkey] hosts amateur athletes to swim in an outdoor atmosphere, especially during the summer, where many water sports such as kitesurfing, kayaking, and water skiing can be practiced, and the beautiful reviews that occur in the open air, such as rubber jumping and flying, can also be seen in the open-air Umbrellas or sails, in addition to the possibility of climbing mountains in this area and going on adventures between mountain curves by bicycle, horseback riding, and others.

Amalfi Coast

The Amalfi Coast is located in the Gulf of Salerno on the southern side of Naples, and it is mentioned by UNESCO that it is a Coast with diverse environments, where it is characterized by its cities with attractive colors that are located next to the mountain, and contains many vineyards and citrus that reflected the benefits of local production, [where] also spread many pastures, making it a coast that mixes nature and culture to reflect the manifestations of classical art in the Mediterranean. The Amalfi Coast is characterized by its mild climate, and its possession of many different resources, in addition to its natural beauty; which made it an important station during the centuries, where it attracted interested people from various countries such as Greece, Romans, Normans, and crabs، And the Sicilian Arabs, and others, who added their own character on the coast with each time they visit it, and concentrated population communities at a distance of the slopes of the Amalfi Coast, which made their homes mixed with the rocks of the beach to give the aesthetic of the coast, to become the city of Amalfi like the city of Ravello one of the cities distinguished artistically and architecturally, [the landmark], which made it one of the attractions for tourism in Italy.

Religious monuments

Florence Cathedral

Santa Maria del Fiore or Florence Cathedral is a famous landmark in Italy, and an important symbol during the Renaissance of Florence, especially when it was named after the Virgin of Venus in 1412, and is about 153 AD, 90 m wide at the crossing, and its height from the surface of the earth to the lower side of the lantern about 90 m, Florence Cathedral was the largest church during the 15th century but is now the third-largest church in the world after St. Peter’s Church In Rome, St. Paul’s in London.

Florence Cathedral has marble-covered facades in colors as diverse as white, green, pink, and the red Brunliski dome above it, and on the west side of the church was constructed a façade dating back to the Gothic-Renaissance period in the 19th century and took the construction of Florence Cathedral For nearly 150 years, This period is reflected in the church’s external appearance in the different artistic touches that have followed from its founding until the completion of its construction, which made clear differences between what was planned and designed by Arnulfo de Campio formed the structure of the current outer cathedral.

Church of Santa Maria deli Gracie

The Church of Santa Maria deli Grassi is one of Italy’s famous landmarks, located in the Milan complex, built with the Dominican Monastery in 1463 by Geniforte Solari, and rebuilt during the Renaissance in the late 15th century by Donato Bramanti, who carried out many repairs in the church, increasing its size, constructing a cylindrical dome surrounded by many columns, as well as building a special dining room.

It, the Church of Santa Maria del Grassi is famous for having a mural painted by Leonardo da Vinci on the northern wall in the Dominican Monastery Hall from 1495-to 1497, which reflected his ambition to develop the art world and clearly influenced the pictorial arts over successive centuries, becoming one of the most important murals in the world.

St. Vitaly Church

Basilica of San Vitale is one of Italy’s most tourist-attracting areas; Located in the Italian city of Ravenna, famous for its archaeological artistic importance dating back to early Christianity, oriental art has dominated art. The architect of the church, just as in other buildings in Ravenna, but mixed with Western arts and various mosaics, reflecting the religious ideas and beliefs of the church at the time, the Church witnessed changes in the Justinian era when the church’s courtyard was put in place by adding Two corridors topped by a dome supported by eight columns and arches, and in 1780 some Polish artists added an artistic character to both the niches and the dome, by drawing many attractive domes and trees, making the church a wonderful place with a huge space between mosaic decorations and baroque frescoes of the church dome.

St, Peter’s Cathedral

Located in Vatican City, St. Peter’s Church is the pope’s official residence and a major global place for the Catholic Church, and its construction dates back to order from Emperor Constantine when he ordered the construction of a fourth-century tomb of the Apostle, which was completed in 329 AD, to form a special covered cemetery for religious rites and the revival of funeral traditions. Reflects the culture of the first church in Vatican City.

St. Peter’s Church is one of Italy’s most attractive tourist areas, one of the world’s largest buildings, and the largest papal church ever, which has made it the focus of great attention, attracting many tourists from different countries each year to see its splendor, and the church in this era is 23,000 m2 and is 218 m long, and high with the dome 136 a.m.

Orvieto Cathedral

The Church of Orvieto is a symbol of Orvieto, and the church has been well planned for 30 years, while its construction lasted for three centuries, beginning in 1290, as the Catholic Church provided material support for the construction of this church, which blends a set of architectural ideas that reflect the overlap of Gothic and Roman culture together.

The exterior of the church is colored by a combination of black and white, famous for other Italian churches, and blends a collection of mosaic frescoes resembling jewels, many chrome drawings and flowers, as well as inscriptions from the wall, and an attractive spectrum of colors, making the church one of Italy’s most important attractions.

Palaces and castles :

Vinarya Palace

Palace of Venaria is an attractive tourist site in Italy, specifically in The City of Vinaria Reali in Turin Province, a world heritage site by UNESCO, because of its architecture and landscape, and contains many different halls and galleries, as well as a palace garden that blends ancient archaeological character with modern art and art.

Caserta Royal Palace

The Royal Palace of Caserta is one of Italy’s most attractive tourist sites, the world’s largest royal palace with a total area of 235,000 square kilometers, and is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, close to Naples within the Campania region, and dates back to the 18th century, at the will of the King of Bourbon, and its design is very similar to the Palace of Versailles.

The Royal Palace of Caserta is a historic palace with 1,200 rooms spread over 5 floors, all beautifully decorated.

Villa Disti

Villa d’Este, located in Tivoli, is a tourist site in Italy, reflecting Renaissance culture at its finest, consisting of three floors, structured windows, villa side suites, Villa Disti, one of the first gardens built in Europe during the 16th century, and the garden has many fountains and ornamental basins, as well as stunning landscapes.

Betty Palace

Palazzo Pitti is one of Italy’s most famous sights, the largest palace in Florence, reflecting the character of the royal palaces from Vienna to Madrid, from St. Petersburg to Paris; it has a wide range of statues and artifacts, luxurious royal furniture.

The palace consists of several floors, windows, and arcades, as well as the palace garden, one of the first ancient gardens to reflect Italian character, with the construction of the palace in mid-1400, during the mid-1400s, and during the This afternoon, the palace occupied a large place among the Renaissance buildings, and designer Amanati focused on showing the front square of the palace in its finest suit, which overlooks the Gardens of Popoli and a magnificent-looking hill.

Doge Palace

Doge’s Palace in Venice is an attractive tourist attraction in Italy, dating back to the 15th century, and the cavernous palace rooms contain many paintings in the palace library, belonging to Renaissance artists such as the painter Titian, Guido Rennie, and others, as well as the painter Rafael, who has mastered the painting of the young woman and artist Luciano Laurent, whose painting of the utopia is accessible.

It is called the noble floor by climbing through the grand staircase in the inner courtyard of the palace, to see the rooms distributed over an area of 35 m, in addition to 17 m for the hall of celebrations of the Duke, to which the palace was built in 1450.

Museums and exhibitions:

Academy Exhibition

The Accademia, located in Florence, is one of Italy’s most important landmarks, built-in 1784 by order of Duke Peter Leopold, to restructure the Academy of Design Arts, which belonged to you. In 1563, the 1563 Édérée de Medici became an exhibition containing the most important paintings depicting churches and monasteries, as well as historical paintings from the 13th and 14th centuries, and large quantities of paintings dating back to the 15th century. And the 16th.

The Academy’s exhibition is one of the most famous sculptures in the world and was later completed and carved by architect Emilio de Fabrice, and the museum underwent a qualitative shift when Michelangelo moved his statue to Piazza Della Signoria Square in 1873, and the museum became an exhibition of the Academy of Arts since 1882.

St. Angelo’s Castle

The Castle of St. Angelo in Rome is one of the most famous monuments in Italy and was built in 123 AD, as a special mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian and his family, and the death of that castle was contrary to other Roman monuments that collapsed over time and became ruins reflecting the history of the past, where attention continued to be paid to and restored, especially since it occupied a political center because of its distinctive geographical location close to the Church of St. Peter at the northern entrance to the city, to become At present, it is a national museum that reflects a nearly 2,000-year history of Rome that many tourists visit to see the most beautiful paintings, furniture, and unique sculptures.

Borghese Gallery

The Borghese Exhibition in Rome is one of Italy’s most important tourist destinations, containing many ancient and varied works of art, such as the intellectual paintings of Caravaggio and Titian, and the sculptures of Bernie and Canova, located within an ancient villa.

Dating back to the 19th century, this villa is characterized by its architecture and dazzling designs, from interior plaster and high-quality ancient mosaics, to those prominent inscriptions it contains; Culturally combining ancient and modern-day cultures, Borghese aspired to make this building a collector of many other sciences, Borghese wanted to bring together many different sciences such as the study of plants, animals, natural resources, and technology.

Naples National Museum of Antiquities

The Naples National Museum of Antiquities in Naples is one of Italy’s most important tourist destinations; It was originally a place of residence for members of the so-called Cavalry and was then taken by the University of Naples, dating back to the end of the 18th century, when Charles of Bourbon built this place to be a place where the king’s heirs to his mother Elizabeth Varnisi were preserved, and the museum contains many artifacts and sculptures as well as About mosaics.

Other attractions :

Italy has many other attractions, including:

San Marco Square: One of Venice’s most attractive visitor squares, it features architecture that combines styles such as Gothic, Classic, and Baroque architecture, as well as some Asian and Middle Eastern touches, and a buzzing pedestrian movement in San Marco Square to shop and see many of the surrounding buildings.

The Ponte Vecchio Bridge: is one of Italy’s most important attractions, one of Florence’s most beautiful sites, dating back to the Middle Ages in 1345, and is the first bridge to be built over the Arno River to be used as a defense system at the time, and the Ponte Vecchio area has many different shops ranging from jewelry stores to old property shops.

Herculaneum: Herculaneum is one of Italy’s most famous tourist destinations, a Roman coastal city, with a lower profile than its strategically located Pompeii counterpart, with great tourist density and the first place discovered after a bull. The city was founded in 1709 and its discovery had a major impact on European culture. Pompeii was once a vibrant city.

Trevi Fountain: Also called the Fountain of Rome, it is one of Italy’s most famous tourist destinations, this baroque architecture-style landmark was built as one of the city’s magnificent views, built on top of ancient water source, 26 meters high and 49 meters wide.

Trevi Fountain: Also called the Fountain of Rome, it is one of Italy’s most famous tourist destinations, this baroque architecture-style landmark was built as one of the city’s magnificent views, built on top of ancient water source, 26 meters high and 49 meters wide.

Caves of de Matera: An ancient cave-dwelling located in the region of Basilicata, one of Italy’s southern regions, specifically in Matera, it is one of Italy’s most famous tourist destinations.

Valley of temples: The temple valley is one of the most important sights extending through Italy, carrying among its offerings a collection of temples with unique and distinctive designs that are among the masterpieces of architecture around the world.

Church of St. Francis of Assisi: The Church of St. Francis of Assisi is one of Italy’s most important tourist attractions, this historic landmark was built in 1228 in honor of St. Francis after Francis was proclaimed a saint by Pope Gregory IX, and the church became his shrine, on the basis of his will, which he informed his companions on his deathbed.

Capri Island: Capri island is one of the most important and beautiful sights in Campania, and is even one of the most famous places in Italy, it has many landscapes and rock caves, and because of its beauty it has been the focus of attention of poets, lovers, and tourists, over time.

Elba Island: Elba is part of the Tuscan island chain, the largest of these islands, and has the charm of its picturesque and rich nature with diverse natural life, which explains why it serves as a laboratory for many geologists and botanists, as well as one of Italy’s most important tourist destinations.

Gran Paradiso National Park: Gran Paradiso National Park is one of the most important tourist destinations in Italy, spanning a mountainous area of approximately 700 km,2, and containing parts of Mount Gran Paradiso.

Ostia Antica: A museum located within one of Rome’s ancient historic buildings, with its modern classical structure, part of which is used as a library, Osta Antica is one of Italy’s most important attractions.

The National Museum of Antiquities: The National Museum of Antiquities is located in Venice, Italy, one of Italy’s most important tourist attractions, and contains many important historical monuments, a place for the most beautiful ancient statues from Venice, as well as a distinct collection of Greek and Roman statues, as well as some other ancient archaeological equipment such as coins, bronze artifacts, gemstones, and artifacts, dating back to various civilizations such as Assyrians, Babylonians, and Pharaohs.


Italy is located on a Mediterranean peninsula, in south-central Europe, with a population of nearly 60.55 million, statistics. The Peninsula of Italy has multiple stunning landscapes, such as the Alps, and Rome, the capital of Italy, contains many monuments and arts that reflect the character of one of the oldest cities in the world and attract tourists to see, so more than 40 million foreign tourists visited it in the decade for the first time in the 21st century.