The Arab Republic of Egypt is an Arab country located in the northeastern corner of Africa, Egypt is a world-historical archive of civilizations, where it was founded on its land the oldest world civilization, the Pharaonic civilization, and lasted for more than 3000 years, in addition to the civilization of Roman, Greek and Byzantine civilizations, in 639 AD Islam entered Egypt and established an ancient Islamic civilization as well.
Egypt is strategically located, with its location from the north-eastern corner of Africa to the south-western corner of Asia, its territory from the north overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, the east on the Red Sea, the north-east of the Gaza Strip, the south by Sudan, and the west by the Libyan Republic. With a total land area of 1,001,450 km2, it also includes the Nile, the longest river in the world. Depending on the vast area covered by Egypt, the terrain and geography vary from river and sea to desert.
Tourism in Egypt :
Egypt’s tourism sector is one of the most important and prominent sectors of the Egyptian economy, attracting millions of tourists annually. According to 2015 figures, Egypt’s tourism sector contributed EGP 112.1 billion ($14,334,271,350 billion), contributing 11.4% of the country’s GDP. Tourism investment in the same year reached $2,158,144,050 billion, accounting for 12.5% of total investment in the country. In 2015, tourists in Egypt spent EGP 57.5 billion ($3,173,741,250 billion), contributing 20.7% to the country’s GDP. Egypt’s tourism sector has also created 2,620,000 jobs or 10.5% of the total number of workers.
Attractions in Egypt :
Egypt has many important and attractive monuments that are tourist attractions for all those interested in studying the history of the region from all over the world. Important attractions on this land include:
Giza Pyramids :
The Pyramids of Giza are one of Egypt’s most prominent and historic attractions and one of the oldest monuments to date. The Pyramids of Giza consist of three pyramids: the Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khaffar, and the Pyramid of Mansour. The pyramid has entered the list of seven wonders of the world for its towering height and great construction, with each side of the pyramid reaching a height of 231 meters, each brick in the pyramid weighing 2.5 tons, while the entire pyramid weighs 6 million tons. The pyramids are located in the Giza region of Egypt, i.e. in the western region of the Nile. The pyramids are one of Egypt’s most important royal tombs, home to the bodies of pharaohs kings who succeeded Egypt. So far, more than 100 pyramids belonging to the ancient Pharaohs have been discovered. The pyramids were built between 2055 and 1650 BC, and the last pyramid continued to be built between 1550-and 1525 BC.
Abu Simbel :
Abu Simbel is an archaeological site with two temples: the small temple, the Great Temple, and a sculpture in the rocks. Temples were built during the reign of Ramses II in 1279-1213 BC. The reason for the construction of the temples was the celebration of the victory of Pharaoh Ramses II at the Battle of Kadesh, where the great temple of the God Ra-Horakhti, the God Petah, and pharaoh Ramses II was built. The small temple was built for the goddess Hathor, and Nefertiti, the beloved wife of Ramses II. The temples are located in southern Egypt on the bank of the Nile. The Grand Temple contains four huge statues sitting at the entrance to the temple; two on each side, representing Pharaoh Ramses II, his family, and gods, each 20 meters long, 30 meters high, and 35 meters long. The small temple, with six sculptures carved at its entrance, represents Ramses and his wife Nefertiti. Each statue is 10 meters long, the temple is 28 meters long and 12 meters high.
Valley of the Kings :
The Valley of the Kings is called the Valley of the Gates of Kings, a site housing the tombs of a number of ancient pharaohs and the most wealthy nobles of the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties. The valley houses the tombs of many prominent pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, Seti I, and Ramses II, as well as many queens. The tombs represent a readiness for life to come, containing all the tools that the buried pharaohs may need alongside them. The valley is located on the bank of the West Nile River next to Luxor.
Karnak Temple :
The Karnak Temple is a complex of ancient destroyed statues and temples, dating back to the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II. This area was a place of worship, containing four major temples, one of the most famous and largest of which is the Temple of God Amon. In addition to temples, the site contains many ancient monuments and statues, as well as historical scenes of battles the Pharaohs fought with their enemies. The Karnak Temple is located in southern Egypt, near Luxor.
The Temple of Fella is a temple located in Aswan. The temple was built for the goddess Isis by Pharaoh Ptolemy II but was completed by roman kings. The temple tells the story of The Goddess Isis, wife of Pharaoh Osiris, who symbolizes the ritual of a funeral and the gift of life. They are usually represented by a throne that holds them above their heads. The word “Philae” means the end, referring to the location of the temple in the far south of Egypt.
Abydos is one of the most ancient holy sites in Egypt, deriving its sanctity from being the center of the worship of the god Osiris, as it was believed to be the gates of the underworld, a popular place of pilgrimage and burial. The site contains the First Temple of Seti, its most famous relic. Pharaoh Seti I began to build it, and his son Ramses II completed it. The walls of the temple contain an archaeological list engraved on the walls of the temple containing the names of 76 ancient kings of Egypt, which City I dug to distinguish the pharaohs kings in ancient Egypt. The site also contains many temples dedicated to the worship of the god Osiris. The temple is located in the north of Upper Egypt.
White Desert :
The White Desert is one of the most picturesque and famous natural places in Egypt’s desert. The area is called the Al-Farafra Oasis. The area contains rocks carved in the form of a giant mushroom or cone, which were formed by erosion and erosion factors. Tourists head to the White Desert to camp there and see the landscape. Located in the northeast of Egypt, the site was once an ocean of water, but it dried completely, and the sedimentary layers formed white, which in turn formed the white desert.
Siwa Oasis :
Siwa Oasis is one of the oldest historical areas in Egypt, winning many titles throughout the ages; it was called Centria by the ancient Arabs, as well as Jupiter-Amon Oasis, Palm Square, and Santar by the ancient Egyptians. The site contains traces of houses that form a large gathering like a sign. Despite Egypt’s great cultural progress, Siwa continues to maintain its customs and traditions, with the population speaking their native language, Amazigh, along with Arabic, and women wearing the region’s traditional dress code.
The Sphinx is one of Egypt’s most famous and distinctive attractions. The statue represents the body of a lion with the head of the pharaoh of Egypt carved in the form of a large thalathal, up to 73 meters long, and up to 20 meters high. It was built during the reign of King Khaffar in about 2530 BC. Located next to the Three Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx is believed to have been built to protect pharaonic tombs within the pyramids from evil spirits, hence its Arabic name the Sphinx.
Khan Al , Khalili :
Khan al-Khalili is one of Egypt’s most famous neighborhoods and is located within the area known as Old Cairo, a very major tourist attraction in Cairo, the Egyptian capital. One of the most important things about this khan is the presence of many important and lively bazaars, as well as the presence of many popular restaurants and cafés as well, which enriched this neighborhood and made it all this great value.
Al , Azhar Mosque :
Al-Azhar Mosque is one of the most important mosques, not only in Egypt, but throughout the Muslim world, and is also a university. Al-Azhar has had great value throughout Islamic history; this Great Mosque was established by Jowhar al-Sicilian when Cairo opened in the 10th century and was ordered to build the mosque by the Fatimid caliph who is the muezzin of God’s religion. The first prayer was held on 7 Ramadan 361 Ah / 972 AD, and Friday prayers were.
Egyptian Opera House :
This ancient house is the alternative to what was known as the Khedive Opera House, built during the reign of Khedive Ismail because of the official opening of the Suez Canal, but was burned down in 1971. The modern house was equipped to be built in the 20th century, in collaboration with japan’s International Cooperation Agency.